When we approach the subject of obesity cases, stomach reduction surgery, that is, bariatric surgery is a very efficient alternative. In addition to offering positive long-term results, recovery in most cases is not usually complicated, provided that some precautions are taken.
How is the recovery?
Normally, recovery from surgery can take between 6 months to 1 year. During this period, the patient can lose between 10% to 40% of his initial weight. Throughout the first month after surgery, it is normal for the patient to experience pain in the abdomen area, to feel nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea frequently, especially after meals. To avoid these symptoms, it is required to take some care with food and return to activities of daily living and physical exercise.
Adequate nutrition after surgery
With this surgery, the stomach will change in size. For that same reason, dietary recommendations after the operation are crucial for exceptional recovery. Right after the operation, the patient is fed with serum. Just two days later, the patient is allowed to drink water and teas, which should be ingested every 20 minutes in small amounts. For people who like and are in the habit of consuming coffee, it should be ingested in small portions. Therefore, it is important to remember that the stomach is sensitive, so strong drinks should not be consumed.
Generally, 5 days after bariatric surgery, the patient can already eat pasty foods. Just 1 month after, the patient can eat solid foods, as directed by the doctor. Also, the doctor may recommend the use of a multivitamin. Thus, weight loss surgery can lead to loss of vitamins such as folic acid and B vitamins.
Physical exercise should be started one week after surgery. However, always slowly. The patient must start with lighter exercises, such as: walking up and down stairs. These exercises on the one hand will help with weight loss. On the other hand, they will help to reduce the risk of developing a thrombosis. It also allows the intestine to function in the best way. Even so, in the first month after surgery, the patient should not take weights and do sit-ups.
If, after surgery, the patient experiences any pain, discomfort, fever, vomiting or severe nausea, consult the doctor. The professional is the person to evaluate the symptoms and prescribe the best treatment.